The study aims to evaluate the lifetime prevalence of traumatic brain injury in homeless and marginally housed populations
The Department congratulates Jacob Stubbs, PhD Candidate and recipient of the IMH Marshall Scholarship Award, who was the lead author on a new UBC-led study titled Traumatic brain injury in homeless and marginally housed individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis, published this week by Lancet Public Health. The study’s senior author, Dr. William Panenka, is an Assistant Professor (Partner) in the Department, a member of the BC Provincial Neuropsychiatry Program at UBC, and a part of the BC Mental Health and Substance Use Services Research Institute.
Their research team found that around half of homeless people have suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in their lifetime, with one quarter having experienced a moderate or severe injury — defined as being unconscious for at least 30 minutes or a visible injury on an MRI scan with lingering disability. “I find it especially striking that we found such a high prevalence of moderate or severe TBI,” says Jacob. “Our work emphasizes that healthcare workers be aware of the burden of TBI in this population, and how it relates to health and functioning.”
The study was funded by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research project grant. It was co-authored by researchers from Simon Fraser University, the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, the BC Provincial Neuropsychiatry Program, BC Mental Health and Substance Use Services, and the UBC Department of Psychiatry.
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